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Uganda Loses Shs1.4 Trillion In “Harmful” Tax Exemptions

A civil Society group says government should not award tax exemptions considered “harmful” to the country’s economy, URN reports.

The Southern and Eastern Africa Trade Information and Negotiations Institute (SEATINI) says harmful tax exemptions cost the tax payer over 1.4 trillion shillings during the 2017/18 financial year.

The 1.4 trillion shillings is more than a half of the money the needed to finance the construction of oil roads in the Albertine region.


The government is currently seeking a Parliamentary approval of 1.7 trillion shillings from the Export-Import (Exim) Bank of China for the upgrade and Construction of National Oil Roads. 

Regina Nanvuga, a program officer with Southern and Eastern Africa Trade Information and Negotiations Institute (SEATINI) says the amount of money lost could have been more if there was transparency in tax exemption.

Nanvuga says the routine exemptions through executive orders and tax laws as part of efforts to attract investment and to promote industries.

Tax exemptions are provided for under section 21 of the Income Tax Act, the Value Added Tax Act and the East African Customs Management Act (EACMA)

Nanvuga was presenting findings of a report title “Impact of Harmful Tax Incentives and exemptions in Uganda”
The report produced with funding from Democratic Governance Facility(DGF). It details some of the areas in which the government loss billions of shillings because of harmful tax exemptions. It says tax payers both public and private have not complied with their tax obligations.

It is feared that about 200 billion shillings was not collected. “Efforts to recover the money has been blocked by the government. By January 2018, there were about nine companies under this category” reads part of the report.


It also questions the exemption of the Army shop from income tax, on construction materials that are also VAT exempted. The report says the exemption on Savings and Cooperative Organizations (SACCOs) operated by the Army, Uganda Revenue Authority, Parliament. Ministry of Finance among other could led to loss of over 10 billion shillings in 2017/2018 financial year.
Uganda Revenue Authority Responds

Nicholas Musoke, the Uganda Revenue Authority’s Supervisor in Charge of Research and Policy Analysis says some of the exemptions have been counterproductive to URA’s goals.


Part of the URA target has been to raise the tax to Gross Domestic Product ratio to 18% but that has stagnated at about 14% over the years. Musoke says the many tax exemptions have eroded the base for Uganda Revenue Authority to collect taxes. 

Ministry of Finance explains Moses Kaggwa, the Director of Economic Affairs says there is no way that the government can do away with the tax exemptions saying it is one of the incentives for attracting investments.

Uganda Manufacturer’s Association

Allan Ssenyondwa, the Manager Policy Advocacy at Uganda Manufacturer’s Association. He says the question is not whether tax incentives are good or bad but whether they are helping the country to develop. Ssenyondwa says the problem why URA continues to collect law tax to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP)


He says thirteen million Ugandans contribute just one percent of the taxes of the country while the industrial sector comprised of about two million people contributes 24% of the taxes while the services sector with five million people contributes 66% of the taxes.

 Parliament’s Role Ilukor Charles is representing Kumi County in Parliament. He also seats on the Committee of Finance. He says sometimes Parliament has had a minimal says about the tax exemptions because they are normally originated by the government in consultations with Uganda Revenue Authority.


He agrees that the tax exemptions should be subject to clears scrutiny so as to avoid their abuse by well-connected individuals and companies for tax avoidance and planning purposes.   


The findings come just after Parliament has authorized the waiver of over five hundred billion shillings in tax exemptions. The waivers of tax lead to a heated debate in Parliament and criticism among the civil society.


Some of the companies enjoying tax exemptions are Bujagali Power project, Roofing Rolling Mills, Bidco Oil Refineries Ltd, Aya Investments Ltd, Steel and Tube, Cipla Quality Chemicals, Uganda Electricity Generation Company Ltd, and Uganda Electricity Transmission Company Ltd.

Also on the list tabled at Parliament’s Finance and National Economy Committees include, Roofing Rolling Mills, Vinci Coffee Company Ltd, Liao Shen Industrial Park, ASB Group of Companies, National Cement Uganda Limited, Southern Range Nyanza among others.

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