Ugandans and Bazzukulu on social media, I thank all of you for responding to my message of 10th August 2019.
Peter Opio had an opinion that cotton, even when grown on one acre if it is intercropped with expensive legumes, can still make good money for the family. John Musinguzi of my office, working with Dr. Suruma and Dr. Muyingo Steven, will analyse that idea and give me a report which, then, I will share with you. Remember that I am fully supportive of Cotton growing; but only by those who have 10 acres or more or institutions like Prisons, Army or UDC. What I do not want is for families, with small pieces of land, to be bogged down with growing cotton, tobacco, sugar-cane, tea, keeping the indigenous cattle, growing maize, as stand-alone activities and continue with poverty.
If the “short grassland” areas cannot grow coffee, then I have recommended fruits (oranges, mangoes, pine-apples) and other high-value activities as per my many documents that I have written. That is why we built a fruit factory in Soroti, the first of its kind in that part of Uganda. Ugandans did not know that fruits are a cash-crop. Yet, they buy packed juices from South Africa etc.
Agnes Asiimwe hit on the correct idea that wealth and jobs do not only have to come from land. Very true. In my documents, I always talk of the four sectors of wealth and jobs: Agriculture (commercial), Industry (factories), Services and ICT. The latter 3 need much less land than Agriculture.
Planner Felix Ociti confirmed my observation that in his village of Idipi, people have food to eat but many families cannot send children to school because of lack of money. This is precisely the issue. Tic me cam keken is marac (working for the stomach only is bad). I will, however, send a separate message to all of you on education.
Ochen Tonny wants us to revive the Lira Spinning Mill. Following the collapse of the small modern sector in Amin’s time, when the NRM came to power, we carefully studied modern economics. We found that it was easier if we, where possible, relied on the private sector. In the area of Cotton and its products, we have already succeeded with the Fine spinners, Nytil and some other factories. They run better if they are owned and managed by the private sector. I am sure that we shall succeed in getting a private sector operator to run the Lira Spinning Mill.
Semanda John said that cotton has more value than coffee, etc. I never said that cotton has no value. In order to inform Semanda and others, be informed that cotton gives us: clothes; cotton wool and bandages for medical use; the cotton seeds produce cooking oil, oil for making soap, animal feeds; and cotton linters produce gun-powder (nitro-cellulose). Indeed, Uganda is making all of these products or will make them. The question, however, is: “Who should grow the cotton? The small farmers of only 2 acres or the medium and large scale farmers?” Will, the economics work out for the small farmer? That is the issue. Otherwise, cotton is a strategic crop that we are supporting. That is why the production now is at 200,000 bales, having grown from almost zero bales in 1986.
Bahati Joseph wanted to know why Co-operative Societies collapsed. Co-operatives had problems, not only in Uganda but in other countries as well. In 1968, Mwalimu Nyerere had to appoint a Commission of Enquiry into the Co-operative Movement in Tanzania. You read what that Commission found. In Uganda, there was the additional problem of wars. However, even without war, one of the problems was having co-operators (members) who did not know how to read, how to write and how to count. The society, then, would be run by the few educated people in the community as secretary managers. They would, then, use the lack of knowledge of the majority to cheat the bigger membership. This disequilibrium has been solved by the NRM’s boona basoome (education for all). Future and current co-operatives will fare better because the co-operators are educated.
Nevertheless, all be informed that even when the co-operatives were active, the problem of tic-me-cam- keken, erikolera erirya rissa, okukolera ekidda kyonka, etc., was still acute if not more acute, then, than now. Our research team can give us the figure of the households that were in the money economy and those that were not by, for instance, 1970. In my essay, I gave the data of the 2 parishes of Ntungamo: Nyaburiiza and Kikoni by 1954. There were no co-operatives in that area and okukolera enda yonka (working only for the stomach) was 100% for the households. Co-operative Societies (including SACCOs) are now being formed on a better basis because of the education promoted by the NRM.
Rui Masite greeted me in the Swahili of Kenya. I thank him for appreciating the view. It is on account of diligent bush clearing. We weed out the bad bushes that suffocate pasture and only keep the good nitrogen-fixing and shade-creating trees such as: eminyinya (acacia abyssinica), emitongore (acacia gerrarddii), emisisa (albizia coriaria), emishebeya (albizia gummifera and albizia bracteata), emikoma (Grewia mollis and Grewia trichocarpa). That is why the view is good. I was not alone. The cameraman just captured me alone. Bush clearing is very expensive, but it has to be done.
Hope Emmanuel Odeke is not fully informed. When the NRM came to power, there was almost no factories. That is why there was a severe shortage of everything: soap, sugar, paraffin, sodas, milk, etc. Where were the functioning factories? The NRM has caused the building of many more factories than ever before. We revived many of the old ones (e.g. the sugar, the soda and the textile factories); but also built new ones.
Samuel Lugave says that “a whole President” is looking after “roaming” cattle. Why not do zero-grazing? Is looking after “roaming” cows modern farming? Yes and no. It is modern because we weeded the farms, built dips to control ticks, made valley dams to capture water, fenced the lands, etc. Therefore, those cattle are not “roaming”, it is called “free-range”. If Lugave was bothered to follow what we do, he would have learnt that during Easter, I launched a new campaign. This was to stop free-range grazing. This is, however, economics. We move cautiously because expenditure is involved. Nevertheless, where we are, is far from where we started from. That is why milk production has gone from 200 million litres to 2.5 billion litres.
Mayanja Sulaiman is involved in incredible superstition that the solar power centre we launched in Kabulasoke has dried the rain. That is not true. If the rain did not come, it had nothing to do with the solar energy station.
George Deworld lambasted my page handler for giving unbalanced information. What is unbalanced? Give examples, please. We talk of the 1900s because they are connected with our present. I am the one who wrote that piece, not the handler.
Prince Abdu Karim was unhappy that the green that has been bush-cleared by my efforts now belongs to cattle while some people in Lusanja have no land. Agricultural land is for agricultural production, not just for human habitation – building houses everywhere. That is why Uganda does not import – food. Or you prefer that we just build houses everywhere and we import food? No, where the people listen to the NRM advice, we advise families to build on one spot and free the family land for production – livestock rearing or crops. This is what we have been doing since the 1960s. We are now advising all Ugandans that care to listen to, where applicable, shift from free-range to industrial farming. Of course, this involves money. We started with pilot schemes. Prince Abdu wants to know where we got money from to buy “ebyalo” (villages) where we keep cattle. First of all, all the indigenous Ugandans had free land where they were settled (obutaka) since time immemorial. With colonialism, changes occurred ushering in mailo, lease-holds, etc. In 1967, after my A-levels, from my temporary teacher’s salary, I bought Rwakitura, etc. etc. I did this because I do not squander money on alcohol, discos (ebinyumo) etc. I also go to difficult areas where land is cheap. I do not hang in towns unless I am detained there by duty. Land should not have been a major problem in Uganda. The main problem is ignorance and bad human practices.
John Canary Walimbwa condemns the hungry vultures in the Government that fail government programmes. That is partly true. However, on the Government side, we have put the money aside. Shs 272.65 billion for OWC; Shs. 38.7 billion for Women fund; Shs. 65.6bn for the Youth Fund; Shs. 47.25bn for Micro-finance; Shs. 13bn for Innovation. This is a total of Shs. 437.2 billion per year; Year in, year out. If the present channels have a problem, we shall use new channels, including the SACCOs handling their own money directly, instead of going through middle-men. We are now going to add new funds: zonal innovations, myooga (trade) funds and the leaders’ Saccos. We are now advising every mwooga to form a district-wide Sacco so as to, if necessary, handle the money yourselves. The money is there and has been there for many years. If the routes it is passing through have a problem, we shall get new routes.
This answer also caters for Zion Ssozi’s question.
Horan Nsubuga is saying my clansmen have grown wealthy by stealing and not by engaging in wealth creation through commercial agriculture, industry, services, ICT. Mr. Nsubuga, I bought Rwakitura in 1967. Whose money could I have stolen then? What power did I have? The transformation that took place in parts of the cattle corridor, actually started in 1966 and, to some extent, before sensitization. Which clansman of mine was in power, then, to steal government assets, oil money, mines money, donations from abroad? The people of Kalangala have woken up and are earning good money from the project of palm oil that we gave them. Are they my clansmen? The people of the remote Bundibugyo are earning good money from coffee and cocoa and want to start a chocolate factory. Are they my clansmen? Some families in Masaka are earning good money from coffee because they have listened to our advice. Are they my clansmen? The People of Nwoya, some of them working with entrepreneurs from outside, are transforming that area with huge modern farms. Are they my clansmen?
Angel Jaspa, do not worry. I was not alone. I was just standing in front of the cameraman, waiting for the cattle so as to view them as darkness was closing in.
Kasoma Juma Almhandis thanks me for the work done. He, however, wonders why some Ugandans have not changed. It is partly the likes of Horan Nsubuga that divert our People’s attention. It is caused by “false prophets”. Jesus faced the false prophets and the Pharasees. So shall we, the false prophets.
Nabulime Prossy Siberah says that she knows that my land is in Rwakitura. Therefore, the land I am showing is Government land. Wrong. I have land in Kisozi. Yes, it is true that there is a Government Ranch nearby that I spied for the Government when I bought my land there in 1990. Nevertheless, I have my own land in the Kisozi – Ssembabule district. Having bought my land in 1990, I advised the Government to buy the bigger land nearby.
Mugume Owamazima Robert talks of Government people that terrorize Ugandans. Ring the numbers of Nakalema and report those criminals. You will see what we shall do with them. You also have elected leaders everywhere. Why do they keep quiet if your allegations are true?
Tuhirirwe Naboth talks of the coffee prices going down. Let Honourable Ssempijja comment on this. What I know is that even when the coffee price comes down, it is still much better than the other enterprises.
Norman Ataho says that he has got the message but has no land. When I went to Gomba in 1990, the land was UGX 250,000 per acre per annum. It has now gone up. You can even do manual labour, you are paid and buy a few acres of land. Our people who go abroad, do manual labour, called Kyeyo. Why do Ugandans do manual labour abroad but not here? In my youth, I did alot of manual labour: milking cattle (Kukama), Kweshera (watering), building cattle fence (kuzitira), wrestling down the cattle (kukwaata), and cultivating (kuhinga).
RC@Rhone96976772 (via twitter) talks of Cotton products that sell for $10.50 in the USA. Uganda would be producing those pieces if Museveni’s Government had not “crippled” industry. My staff, kindly show Rhone the cotton products that Uganda is producing. Moreover, we could not “cripple” what was not there. It is us that revived the cotton and the factories.
Shakib Kiko says that Jajja asosola (discriminates). Kusosola whom? Clarify, please. I introduced immunization for the Bazzukulu, universal education for the Bazzukulu etc. The Bazzukulu are supposed to study free. I will send a message on this.
Mukwaba mocks my bottle- irrigation. Go to Kawumu and see what it did. I planted in the dry season but the plants grew. We have, of course, more modern schemes: Mobuku, Doho, etc. These do not exclude the simpler methods like the bottle.
With Samuel Lugave (Facebook), I forgot to comment on his additional idea of cross-breeding our Ankole breed with foreign breeds. That will never happen with the herds you saw. The Ankole breed has superior qualities that I will never interfere with by cross-breeding. Their butter content in milk is 5.52%-10% while that of Friesian is 3.7%-4.5%. Besides, they have yellow fat as opposed to white fat. White fat has alot of cholesterol while the yellow fat, is actually, anti- cholesterol. Our indigenous cattle are superior to the foreign breeds. Even in the quantity of milk, many of my cattle rival the friesians. I, therefore, took it as my historical obligation to concentrate the superior genes of the Ankole cattle so that, with time, they may help our small farmers with richer milk, better beef and less cost of maintaining because they are quite immune to the livestock diseases and eat less. Moreover, my herds are descended from one of the seven cows my great grandfather, Kashaanku Ka Kyamukaanga, Ruhirimbura, “saved” (okuhonoka) in the rinder-pest of 1893. This is modernized and positive bujjajja (heritage, ancestry). I intend to, similarly, concentrate the genes of enkoromoijo (zebu). They are quite hardy and some of them were good milkers. The Banyakore, who had gone to Teso and Lango and Acholi (Bukiri) to work for milk (Kushuumba, Kusheenga) brought back to Ankole some samples that I saw in the 1960s.