Ian Rumanyika, the Ag. Assistant Commissioner Public and Corporate Affairs at URA
Uganda Revenue Authority (URA) recently launched a tax compliance campaign dubbed KAKASA-’You’re in charge’, an an Integrated Communication and Marketing Campaign where the tax body will help usher in a new approach to doing business, allowing business men and women across Uganda to take full charge of their business destiny – from production, importation, consumption and through to record keeping.
The KAKASA Campaign will focus on Digital Tracking Solution, the Electronic Fiscal Receipting and Invoicing System (EFRIS) and the Voluntary Disclosure, an olive branch extended to citizens who do not pay tax and an invitation that they become part of URA’s growing tax-paying family.
In this interview with Business Focus carried out on February 10, 2021, Ian Rumanyika, the Ag. Assistant Commission Public and Corporate Affairs at URA, digs deeper into what EFRIS is all about and why the business community should embrace it.
Below are the excerpts of the interview;
Q: Briefly tell me about EFRIS?
A: EFRIS in full is Electronic Fiscal Receipting and Invoicing Solution.
EFRIS is an initiative under the Domestic Revenue Mobilization Program whose aim is to address the tax administration challenges relating to business transactions and issuance of receipts.
It is a new smart business solution used to record business transactions and share the information with URA in real time (concurrently).
It involves the use of e-Invoicing through the URA web portal and direct communication with business transaction systems (system to system connection), electronic Fiscal Devices (EFDs) and Electronic Dispenser Controllers (EDCs) to manage the issuance of e-receipts and e-invoices.
Once a transaction is initiated using any of the EFRIS’ components, transaction details are automatically transmitted to URA in real time (concurrently) to generate e-receipts and e-invoices.
Q: What prompted URA to introduce e-receipting/invoicing system?
A: URA introduced e-receipting and invoicing to address several challenges such as suppression of sales. Some businesses, especially those that deal in general goods were avoiding generating receipts and so their actual turnover was not reflecting in their tax returns.
Other challenges EFRIS was introduced to address are; non issuance of tax receipts / invoices, false refund and offset claims, fictitious (Forged) purchases with no physical movement of goods, matching of input tax and output tax hence paying minimal tax liability, non- remittance of VAT collected, unverifiable claims by taxpayers due to loss of records, using multiple sets of business records and limited access to taxpayers’ records – Some taxpayers selectively provide records for tax administration purposes.
Further, EFRIS was introduced to solve the challenge of invoice trading by dishonest Individuals (employees of Companies, accountants and tax agents) who sell previously issued invoices to final customers to third parties. These third parties use those invoices to claim false input tax credit hence abusing the VAT mechanism.
EFRIS will also help in addressing the challenge of a large informal sector- The informal sector will be prompted to formalize in order to enjoy the benefits of using EFRIS, because business persons will prefer to deal with suppliers issuing e- invoices and receipts in order to claim input VAT and have allowable deductions of purchases that have e-receipts and e-invoices.
Q: Why is EFRIS use Mandatory for VAT registered taxpayers?
A: The Commissioner gazette taxpayers for whom it shall be mandatory to use EFRIS. For now, it is mandatory for all VAT registered tax payers to enroll on the system. However, those outside this category are advised to implement EFRIS and take advantage of the various benefits.
Q: What’s the registration process for EFRIS?
A: There are mainly three steps as listed below;
Step 1: The taxpayer accesses the EFRIS link on the web portal https://www.ura.go.ug and then logs in using their portal credentials. A one-time password(OTP) is then sent to their email or phone number as selected which the taxpayer inputs and gets access to the EFRIS homepage.
Step 2: The taxpayer then selects “First time registration” followed by specification of whether to use e-invoicing and or EFDs, additional places of business (if any) after which the application is submitted to URA for approval.
Step 3: Once the taxpayer’s application is approved by URA, they are then able to use e-invoicing and or EFDs.
It’s important to note that in addition to completing the system to system connection, accessing the URA web portal or installing the Desktop client app on your device such as computer or smart phone, you must have power, a TIN, and Password to authenticate yourself, and be connected to the internet. For system to system connection, clients set up an API connection with URA to secure the connection.
Q: In simple terms, how does EFRIS work?
A: When a sale is made, transactional details are captured in the seller’s invoicing system (ERP) or point of sale, encrypted and transmitted to URA in real time to generate e-receipts and e-invoices.
Upon receipt of the transactional details, EFRIS decrypts the data and formats it into an e-receipt or e-invoice by attaching key features like the fiscal document number (receipt or invoice number), a verification code, a quick response (QR) code etc. EFRIS then encrypts the fiscal (financial) data and transmits it back to the seller’s system. At this point, the e-receipt or e-invoice can be printed. The entire process is very quick and should not affect printing of the e-receipt and invoice for customers.
Q: What key benefits will the taxpayer get from EFRIS?
EFRIS will benefit taxpayers in many ways. For example, refund claims using e-receipts or e-invoices shall be fast-tracked given that the information shall be available in the system.
This is also a step in enabling URA avail taxpayers with prefilled tax returns in future to minimize delays and costs involved in filling tax returns. This is because URA provides a report of the taxpayer’s transactional data on sales and purchases through the tax period which the taxpayer either confirms or modifies to include additional information.
Additionally, prefilled tax returns will help taxpayers avoid penalties for late or non-filing.
With EFRIS, taxpayers will be in position to track and validate business transactions in real time for efficient business management. (Proper bookkeeping and sales management).
The solution also eliminates the risk of physical loss of tax invoices as transactional data or copies are digitally stored in the system.
It also creates fair assessments of taxpayers’ tax positions reduce unfair competition in business.
Q: What are the costs involved?
A: The taxpayer will pay for the cost of system to system connection (interfacing), the device, installation, and maintenance and repair services.
|System to system||Power, computer, active e-tax portal account, internet connectivity, VPN connectivity, offline mode support, software development to integrate the tax payer system with URA, E-Receipt/invoice validation|
|EFD||Power, active e tax portal account, internet connectivity, offline mode support and E-Receipt/invoice validation|
|Client App||Power, computer, active tax portal account, internet connectivity, offline mode support and E-Receipt/invoice validation|
|USSD Quick code||Power, internet connectivity, E-Receipt/invoice validation|
|Portal||Power, computer, active tax portal account, internet connectivity, E-Receipt/invoice validation|
Q: How secure will taxpayers’ transaction data be?
A: In respect to information security, URA has a statutory duty under the TPC Act, 2014 to keep taxpayers’ information confidential. As such, URA’s data management policies and procedures always give priority to information security and access to data internally is defined according to users and access levels.
Therefore, the security of all data exchanged between URA and any other taxpayers is secured within the Government data security framework implemented by the National Information Technology Authority (NITA-U) and shall adhere to the acceptable security controls which include encryption of data, use of private and public keys to digitally sign off transactions for the system to system and desktop application and a one-time password after the password login for those using the EFRIS link on the web portal.
Q: What penalties are there for non-compliance in regard to EFRIS?
A: Section 73B of the Tax Procedures Code Act 2014 spells out these penalties which include:
- A taxpayer specified in the gazette, for whom it shall be mandatory to use EFRIS and does not adopt the use of EFRIS is liable to pay a penal tax equivalent to the tax due on the goods or services, or four hundred currency points, whichever is higher.
- A taxpayer specified in the gazette, for whom it shall be mandatory to use EFRIS and does not issue an e-receipt or e-invoice or tampers with an EFD is liable to pay a penal tax equivalent to the tax due on the goods or services or three hundred currency points, whichever is higher.
- A person who attempts to acquire or acquires an EFD that is not authenticated by URA commits an offence and is liable on conviction, to a term of imprisonment not exceeding three years or a fine not exceeding three hundred currency points, or both.
Importantly, One currency point is equivalent to twenty thousand (20,000) Uganda shillings.
Q: In conclusion, what are the key EFRIS components/channels?
A: EFRIS components/channels are quite many as indicated below;
The e-invoicing component supports issuance and storing of invoice information (Billing and charges) in an electronic format through;
- System to system connections
This works best for clients with sales systems (both existing and new). A system to system connection is the integration of a taxpayer’s invoicing system; Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) with EFRIS to generate e-receipts and invoices via a Web service API connection. The option supports the issuance of e-receipts and invoices in offline mode.
- The URA web portal
Taxpayers may opt to use their accounts using the EFRIS link at the URA portal by logging in with their TIN and Password to issue e-receipts and e-invoices. The one-time password shall be available for 24 hours and taxpayers are required to keep it securely.
- The Desktop (Client Application)
This is a software downloaded from the URA web portal under e-invoicing downloads menu. It is installed on a taxpayer’s devices such as laptops and desktop computers for use to generate e-receipts and invoices. With this option, the client is only required to create a user ID and password. There is no need for the 24hour OTP. This means that URA relies on the client’s self-created digital keys (public and private keys) as unique identifiers of client’s transactions.
- USSD-Quick codes
USSD in full is Unstructured Supplementary Service Data and is sometimes referred to as “Quick Codes” that supports real-time (concurrent) connection between a mobile network operator and a user’s mobile phone. Taxpayers will be given a code for use to generate e-receipts and invoices using their mobile phones.
- Electronic Fiscal Device (EFD)
An EFD is a device with fool proof or inaccessible fiscal memory certified by a tax authority used to efficiently manage and control sales. It comprises a Point of Sale system (POS) and a virtual Sales Data Controller (SDC) connected together to produce e-receipts and e-invoices. It includes a secure element that transmits the fiscal (financial) data to the EFRIS system.
In addition, the option supports the issuance of e-receipts and invoices in offline mode. The device allows easier searching of fiscal data inside it in a read only mode, store e-receipts and e-invoices information and generate summary reports of daily, weekly, monthly and annual transactions of a business entity.
- Electronic Dispenser Controller (EDC)
This is specifically designed to manage fuel and gas stations. It has a compressor gun whose movement is monitored and its fuel pump capacity calculated. When a Sale is made from the pump, information is then transferred to the connected EFDs, to generate e-receipts in real time. Tax shall be calculated based on sales of gas or fuel which in turn is calculated by monitoring the status of the dispenser.
It is important to note that taxpayers who cannot afford to purchase an EFD or ERP system are advised to use either the URA web portal or the Desktop Application.